The Move Is Complete!

Posted: March 18, 2010 in Uncategorized
I have moved all of this blog’s contents to my new forum located at the following URL:
 
 
 
The forum has also been updated with new information, so please be sure to check out the new crime scene photo analyses on the section devoted to Mary Jane Kelly, found under the category "Victims". Subscribe to posting updates and RSS feeds.
 
 

England

Written from London to Talk

 

The Londoners, opening the paper this morning, felt a terrible emotion on learning that the Whitechapel murderer has added two new packages to the list already too long for his crimes. This is not, one it’s two victims he has done this time, one in Berner Street, the other Mitre Square, Houndsditch. Both murders had been committed between one and two o’clock in the morning. In both cases, the victims are women, and both had their throats cut. The first corpse was discovered in Berner Street, a small street located one quarter mile from the place as the four other murders in Whitechapel. The head was almost severed from the trunk, but the body had not been mutilated. The second body was found in a corner of Mitre Square by a policeman on his rounds. The body was horribly mutilated. The abdomen had been shredded as in the case of the woman Chapman and exhibits the same appearance, so as to leave no doubt in the minds of the police officers that the author of this new murder is the man who killed Annie Chapman. The nose of the victim was almost detached from the face and the throat cut entirely. All indications are that these two crimes have been committed by the same hand, between midnight and two o’clock in the morning, two sites located one kilometer and a half from each other. The first crime committed was that of Berner Street, Whitechapel, between midnight and one o’clock in the morning because when the body was discovered, it was still warm. The victim was found at the entrance to an alley where a corner is occupied by a social club that was not vacant at the time of the crime and no one had heard anything – no dispute or fight, or cry . The murdered woman belonged to the same class as Annie Chapman, although a category somewhat less degraded. The woman in Mitre Square was discovered by a policeman between one-thirty and one forty-five, a little before half past one the policeman had’nt seen anything suspicious, and it is in a place where an agent runs every twelve minutes. The unfortunate has been murdered and mutilated by the beast who has been spreading terror in the East End in recent weeks. The details are shocking. The body was torn and a portion of the bowel was torn and twisted around the neck of the victim, as it was with Annie Chapman.

 

Source: Journal De Geneve, October 3, 1888, Page 2

 

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NEW RIPPER FORUM

Posted: February 27, 2010 in Uncategorized
 
Please register and make sure to read the Forum Rules before posting. I am in the process of transferring all of this blog onto the forum, so be patient while I complete this task. New Ripper research has been added to the Forum as well.

Belgium

 

Third Congress of Criminal Anthropology

held in Brussels from 7 to 14 August 1892

 

The congress in Brussels marks a significant evolution in the development of this new science called criminal anthropology. I reported here the Congress of Paris of 1889 and its rather negative results. In Paris, the land had been cleared, so to speak, and had been subjected to severe criticism of the data of the school of Lombroso. It was convinced that the search for a criminal anomaly is illusory and that the physical signs of crime, anthropological and anatomical defects have the meanings assigned to them by Lombroso. In Brussels, the theory of criminality has not received the final blow. Many researchers have brought an imposing mass of documents and comments, made control in prisons, asylums, public institutions of all kinds, and all these documents have unanimously concluded the non-existence of a criminal type in the manner of the Italian school. Nevertheless the last word is said about this issue. We have always recognized that the appearance and the general habit of the body bearing the imprint of the ruling passions, and everyone knows that vice leaves deep scars in the organization and the external appearance of the individual who is a slave. We continue to examine the criminal characters, without believing it is true that this study could lead to the discovery of an anatomical or anthropological type of criminal. It was repeatedly said at the congress in Brussels that the Italian anthropological primary school died. It is probably not much of the early research of Lombroso and his pupils and their hypothetical theories can no longer sustain themselves. But the name of Lombroso, professor of Turin has not only succeeded, through the power of his genius he founded the Italian school Flashlight, which we deeply regret the failure of in Brussels, but mostly he plants the foundational seeds of the modern school, truly scientific, anthropological criminal who became aware of his strength and his future in Rome, Paris and Brussels. The organization of the congress in Brussels had been made with great order and intelligent issues have been chosen to debate and been prepared with utmost care the agenda of meetings and the methodical determination of a program after careful consideration; reports, the number of twenty-four, printed and distributed in advance to all members several weeks before the opening of the congress, nothing had been made to ensure the success of this major international meeting, which the succession has been broken, thanks to the work and dedication of the Organizing Committee and its distinguished Chairman, Dr. Semal. Sitting in the solemn opening Sunday, August 7, for three hours at the Palace of Academies, or crowded three to four hundred members, we heard a welcome speech by Mr. LeJeune, Minister of Justice, president of strictly limited: the congress, and a speech by Mr. Samal, which aptly describes the purpose of criminal anthropology. He recalled the apprehension and defiance raised by First Italian studies scholars, and he also reported the progress made since then, which every day of this new science will provide the most solid foundations of justice and truth. Matters brought to the agenda, which we mention only the principals can be grouped into four classes, according as they relate to anthropology itself, a psychology and criminal pathology, sociology, and finally, the judicial and administrative applications. At the first class  the following issues have been several reports that were made in discussion: The basic principles of the school of criminal anthropology (Drill Dmitry, Moscow). Is there a criminal type anatomically determined? (negative responses from teachers and Houze VarNot, Brussels). The physical, intellectual and moral recognition among the criminal are of pathological origin (Jelgersma, Holland; Cuylits, Brussels). Signs of degeneration in normal women, insane and criminal (Naek, Leipzig). Craniometric measurements (Benedikt, Vienna; Houze, Brussels; Gaudenzi, Turin). Sense organs in women criminals (Ms. Tarnowsky, St. Petersburg). Several types of criminals (Van Deventer, Amsterdam). Preliminary questions in the comparative study of criminals and honest people (compared very remarkably by Mr. Manouvrier, professor at the School of Anthropology of Paris). The communication from Mr. Brouardel, Dean of the Faculty of Medicine of Paris, on Critical Review of the criminal characters, unfortunately could not be made. We hope that the eminent professor will speak to us at the next Congress. The questions of psychology and criminal pathology were the second group, are no less important. The criminal morbid obsession (Magnan, chief medical officer of St. Anne Asylum in Paris). The obsession with murder (Dr. Ladame). The motive for crime in children and adolescents (Dr. Motet, in Paris). Premeditation obsessive (Dr. Semal). The primordial sentiments of criminals (Professor Lacassagne, Lyon). Functional etiology of crime (Dallemagne, Brussels). Criminal Suggestions (Benedikt, Voisin and Bévillon, Paris). This very hotly debated issue has not said its last word. The vitriolage (Paul Aubry of Paris). The influence of heredity on alcoholic insanity and crime (teacher Vaucleroy, Brussels), etc., etc.. Thirdly issues of criminal sociology. The crimes of crowds (Tarde, investigating judge Sarlat). This issue was reserved for the session Thursday afternoon, which was attended by the King of the Belgians. In this same meeting, Mr. Denis, rector of the University of Brussels, sent the Congress a major work dealing with the impact of crises on economic crime. Note again in this third group the report by Gauckler (Caen) on the relative importance of elements of social or anthropological elements in the determination of the penalty, the work of Mr. Coutagne (Lyon), influence of the professional crime, etc.. Finally, many issues relating to judicial or administrative application of criminal anthropology. An overview of these applications (von Liszt, professor at Halle, Benedikt). The action was taken against the incorrigible (van Hamel, prof. In Amsterdam; Alimena, prof. In Naples: Thiry, Liege a teacher; Maus, in Brussels) has primarily been the subject of lively discussions. Dr. Morel, the chief physician of the asylum Guislain, Ghent, trafficking of characters from the incorrigibility. The foundation of asylums, or rather special prisons or asylums for many of these offenders who are in the intermediate zone between crime and madness, in the words of Maudsley, who belong to neither a prison nor the insane asylum. The penal reforms required by the creation of these asylums will reach a dangerous class of criminals against whom the courts are often almost disarmed, recidivists. We also include specially in the last group a report by M. Garnier, chief physician of the prefecture of Paris, which caused a sensation. The learned reporter deals with the necessity of moral-psychological examination of certain offenders as a duty of care to their instruction. From 1886 to 1890, he acknowledged that 255 people convicted were suffering from mental alienation, often for several years, upon conviction, and he cites examples resulting from these appalling errors. Mr Garnier has advised all nations to emulate the example of Belgium by holding a special service for periodic inspection of prisons by alienists, in order to prevent these deplorable cases. This wish has been adopted by the congress. The congress has supported even by a wish to the proposal of Dr. Winkler, Utrecht, is the need to introduce the study of criminal anthropology in clinical psycho-pathology and make it mandatory for medical students and law. Everyone has been also agreed to ask the generalization reporting anthropometric A. Bertillon, which works so successfully in Geneva since June 12, 1891. Recalling this was about the excellent work of Dr. George M. Bertillon, brother of the creator of identification service. This work, entitled from the recovery of anthropometric signal through clothes: 1. provides magistrates and forensic doctors a new, ingenious system to recognize criminals. Professor Lacassagne, Lyon, has used this method in the famous case of Gouffe, trying to reconstruct the size, scope, etc.. of the victim, after action taken on pieces of clothing. We must keep silent about many other issues that he discussed in Brussels. But we must point out the poison capital congress, which was done during the day Tuesday, August 9. Mr. Dmitry Drill had summarized his report already mentioned on the grounded principles of the school of criminal anthropology. We expected a great battle between positivists and metaphysicians, tandisqu’au contrary we see strode to the podium during the two sceances the morning and afternoon, a distinguished series of speakers belonging to the most variety of congress, judges, classical school of lawyers, the young lawyers of the Brussels Bar, philosophers, doctors, anthropologists, and even a talented priest, intelligent and tolerant, the Abbe de Baets, Ghent, who all make a note of reconciliation between the two trends, classic anthropology comes to reach the common ground of scientific observation. Everyone recognizes that justice should no longer be blind. Themis must now tear a strip which is covering his eyes light up and the lights of science to make its decrees. Here is the victory that anthropology claims over the famous criminal. As rightly said by Dr. Semal in his closing speech; that previous congresses have been the engagement of the work of doctors and lawyers. In Brussels the honor of having spent their final union. We wish to add in conclusion that the next congress is to be held in Geneva in 1896, inspired by its glorious predecessors and in turn proclaims the motto of criminal anthropology: Justice by science and philanthropy.

                                                                                                                                               Dr. Ladame

Source: Journal De Geneve, September 24, 1892, Page 2

Note: It would appear that it was while at this particular Congress, held in Brussels in 1892, that Professor and Doctor Lacassagne, spoke at length in regards to the Jack the Ripper case, and in particular, the victims of the Ripper. Note that there was a code of silence imposed on the attendees of the Congress. I surmise that he also brought along the victim’s crime scene photos in order for these professional men to forensically study the photographs. These photos would have been a fantastic visual aid as a part of his criminal anthropology lectures. Keep in mind that Prince Albert Victor had died of influenza earlier this year, as well (in January) and the Ripper case was considered officially closed.

 I will be posting articles on the International Congress of Criminal Anthropology, in which Professor Lacassagne attended. The second congress was held in Paris from August 10-17, 1889. The first Congress was held on November 16, 1885, in Rome.

 
Second international congress of criminal anthropology.
(held in Paris from 10 to 17 August 1889).
 
Professor Lombroso, Turin, published a few years ago, the first edition of his famous book, the Uomodelinquente, which was the starting point of the creation of the Italian school of criminal anthropology. We can consider the expansion has taken on this new science as one of the finest achievements of the Renaissance scientist whose development is so great among our neighbors since the unification of Italy. The idea of a congress which would be discussed all issues raised by studies of the young school was issued already in 1882, and if the reunion of this Congress did not take place in France, it was only a question of an epidemic of Asiatic cholera which then evaporates in the south of Europe. The following year, November 16, 1885, Rome opened the first congress of criminal anthropology, the same day as the third international prison congress. Can be found in the Acts of Congress of Rome, published by the care of Mr. Mayor, Secretary General, the work and discussions that took place in the many sessions of the two sections of biology and sociology of crime, among which were issues distributed before the Congress. It would be impossible to give here an overview, however brief, of the multiplicity and importance of this work. Suffice it to say that the authoritative voice became already heard in Rome to protest against the premature conclusion of some Italian criminologists. Professor Lacassagne, Lyon, among others, clearly rested opposed to the theory which makes man fatally a criminal under his own vicious organization. The criminal, "said Mr. Lacassagne, with anthropometric characters, does not seem to have a very low importance. All these characters can also be very honest with people. We can say that the second congress of criminal anthropology, which was just held in Paris has been the demonstration of this thesis. Mr. Dr. Manouvrier, professor at the School of Anthropology of Paris, Reporter of the second question: Are there any characters anatomical own criminals? subjected to a close criticism of the work of authors who claim to recognize a criminal after the anomalies of his organs. Mr. Manouvrier clearly demonstrated that there was not a criminal type, nor does it can be a monstrous type of man or pathological. The discussion that followed the report proved that no member of Congress admitted the absolute anatomic signs as specific traits of its various categories of criminals. The anomalies are frequently in releve Delique, more frequently perhaps than in normal men, they are nevertheless not at all special. They are lacking in many cases, even they are under imminent in many honest people. They therefore have no meaning by themselves. Their value is purely relative. They become important in a given case, if we compare them to other abnormalities, intellectual or moral, which characterize a human criminal, rather than the stigmata of degeneration. But then, in this case, anthropometric research provide valuable assistance in the investigation of offenders, becomes a precious item of information which may help to unmask a criminal nature, as some symptoms, insignificant in themselves, reveal the natural illness, when they are closer to other signs of disease. This is what Professor Brouardel brightly pointed to in the discussion. Adding that the statistics on the iris color or shape of nose and ears of the murderers and robbers do not provide any further clarity in these difficult issues, nor the computation of the percentage of the shape of their heads. M. Frigerio, Alexandria, concludes from his research that the thieves were very often the scent, and the blue iris is very common in certain criminals, while there is predominance of the brown iris in others. An Italian lawyer has argued that the radicals were brachycephalic (broad headed) and the Conservatives dolichocephalic (long headed)! These are the exaggerations inevitable of a young science, full of sap and enthusiasm, but it would be wrong to judge criminal anthropology after these statistical results that lend so much to ridicule. In summary, it is clear from these discussions that we are far from knowing the man offense. It will take much longer to collect observations and psychological anthologies of thousands of offenders, search their hereditary password and record their personal history before discussing results with a truly scientific character. That is why the Congress was associated with the wishes of Mr. Lacassagne that governments make it easier for physicians and anthropologists in the entrance prisons to study the detainees. Mr. Herbette, director of the prison administration of France, announced his willingness to give the necessary permissions, but it was understood at the same time the disadvantages that would, in some cases, that the condemned should become the object of too much curiosity. We can not analyze here the thirteen reports on issues of program, or twenty-four papers on various topics that were presented to meetings. We will limit ourselves to say that after the anatomical characters of the criminals, matters seem to have the most concern to the members of Congress are on crime and child has a moral responsibility. A very interesting conference on juvenile crime has been made at the asylum of Ste. Anne. M. Magnan, which provides children’s cycle of service, suffering from deep moral degeneration in whom the physical scars were almost entirely absent, though M. Benedikt, Vienna, in some cases it pertained to irregularities in the conformation of the skull, and dental anomalies! We know that he regarded the child as a transitional state of criminality whose education does triumph in good natures. This is not the opinion of Mr. Taverne, Catania, who was charged with Mr. Magnan’s report on the issue: From the childhood of criminals in his dealings with the natural predisposition to crime. The Tavern On coming to the conclusion that this predisposition results in children through a kind of lack of fitness education that is in fact very rare. This criterion seems errou because children rebellious to education can still provide criminal geniuses. In the latter case, children are instinctively vicious, Mr. Dr. Bévillon, editor of the Journal of Hypnotism, suggested trying the moral orthopedics by hypnotic suggestion, and we have already supported this proposal when its author did for the first time in 1886 in Nancy, at the reunion in this city of the French Association for the Advancement of Science. As a moral responsibility, it is outright denied by Mr. Ferri (Reporter of the question), professor of penal law in Rome and a member of Italian Parliament, who defends his thesis with conviction and warmth much talent. For Ferri, there is no difference to be established between the aliens and the criminal, not more responsible than any other criminal acts they commit. These assertions lead to a strong protest from Mr. Tarde judge in Sarlat, the eminenty-known criminologist, claiming the right to be indignant against the scoundrels responsible for their crimes, while fools, victims of their disease, are irresponsible and worthy of pity. It is likely that we will remain a long time with Mr. Tarde, even though it is not always as easy as people think to distinguish between a criminal and a lunatic. Unfortunately, the theory of M. Tarde on new foundations of moral responsibility, that the learned magistrate believes in finding the persistence of identity, no better than Mr. Ferri and never will assuredly an ingenious hypothesis, without practical applications. It is not the same of the new method of determining the identity by the individual reports of anthropometric Alphonse Bertillon. The demonstration of this method was done with great success at the courthouse in a conference at which Mr. Bertillon. The demonstration of this method was done with great success at the courthouse in a conference at which Mr. Bertillon had summoned the members of Congress. Within minutes a pickpocket stops the show has been recognized, despite the assumed name under which he hoped to hide his record was found by a member of Congress, after the indication of measurements taken on the spot, on the wrongdoer bewildered. He showed his photograph front and profile, and it was easy to check on the various parts of her body the presence of specific signs, scars, etc. .. whose enumeration accompanied the photograph. M. Bertillon we announced at that time the almost complete disappearance of pickpockets in Paris since the introduction of Reported Anthropometric. Once they have learned to know to their cost advantages of this system, they just make it longer. The Congress was formally opened August 10 at Trocadero, under the chairmanship of Mr. Thevenet, Keeper of the Seals, Minister of Justice. The next day we met at the Houses of liberal arts at the Champs de Mars to hear informative lectures of Messrs. Lombroso, Ferri and Manouvrier their shows skulls of murderers and other objects relating to the criminal anthropology. During the week, there were brilliant receptions at the dean of the faculty of medicine, Professor Brouardel, M. Thevenet, Keeper, and at Prince Roland Bonaparte, or was Mr. Edison and his wonderful phonograph. The city of Brussels has been designated as a place of reunion for the next congress to be held in 1892. Closing the congress in Rome, Professor Moleschott told his colleagues: You have not lost this guide, this compass is called the supreme morality. In all our meetings, I have not had a moment of satisfaction greater than when you applauded my words, whatever may be our opinion on the doctrines of Christianity, we are all agreed by considering its moral as the crown of humanity freed from slavery. Mr. Moleschott repeated at the Paris congress these noble words, which are particularly significant and have been widely acclaimed. The criminal anthropology can not be a more beautiful ideal.
 
 Dr. Ladame
 
Source: Journal De Geneve, September 14, 1889, Page 2
 
Watch this space for information on the 3rd International Congress, which was held in Brussels in 1892.
London, 14 November.
(Translated from French)

The police came for the first time, to receive a detailed record of the likely perpetrator of the Whitechapel crimes. It was a groom who knew Kelly who saw her return home at two hours of the morning with this individual. He is a man five feet, seven inches high, thirty-four or thirty-five years old, with an olive complexion and a black mustache curled up at the two ends. He had a soft felt hat, wore a long double coat of Astrakhan, a white collar with black tie and a horseshoe shaped pin, black leggings and button up boots and in his left waistcoat pocket a massive gold chain with a stamp in red stone. The eyes were black, very thick eyebrows, and his chin was clean-shaven. It has attached great importance to this deposition, which provides the first serious evidence on this mysterious and formidable character. Police follow hard on this track. The impression produced in England by the Whitechapel murders is determined by one of those moral epidemics which appear to become the epilogue required of any crime drama. Many people are taken in good faith as Jack the Ripper, the person whose nickname is signed on letters who is either the real author of the attacks, or a hoaxer obsessed with the police in the capital. This monomania is especially devastating among drunkards. All trades will go. Sometimes it is an accountant who has spent the nightfall in a state of complete inebriation, importuning the policemen for their offer to share with him, delivering him to justice, the reward promised by the city authorities of the informer or murderer, which ultimately earned him fifteen days in prison with forced labor. Sometimes it is a concierge, dressed in woman’s clothes, causing a mob by beating his breasts and confessing his crime in a hoarse voice, which earned him, for the same period, a free house in a public building. Then comes a fitter who, after copious libations, thinks of snaring a peaceful citizen and the train station claiming the premium, or he has taken, under guard, the road he was destined to take his victim. This spirit of imitation is not confined to words, he proceeds to move. Then there was disarming a peasant, who brandished a knife, threatening to renew its previous operator. And the list goes on.

 
Source: Gazette De Lausanne, November 16, 1888, Page 2
Jack The Ripper
London, November 12.
(Translated from its original French)

The bloody mysteries of Whitechapel, still have not cleared up. Jack The Ripper has stubbornly remained incognito. Police had said they would take the murderer in flagrante delicto, and the ridiculous hope of capitalizing on opportunity, the detectives in disguise had women stationed on street corners with this ridiculous belief that the murderer, captivated by their attractions, would throw himself into their arms. Jack the Ripper began a change of tactics when he became a murderer at home, and he pushes the refinement of his crime to the limit. We can not even establish exactly when Mary Jane Kelly was killed, one does not know how she was butchered, and it is unknown if the same body which was adjusted by pieces is complete.
Today, all the girls in Whitechapel have talks with the alleged assassin, some say he is tall, others he is small, they agree on one point: he carries a small black bag in his hand, and police stop all individuals bearing this bag without which an Englishman never works. The neighbors now know that when Jane Kelly went home at midnight, she was singing a popular ballad, the Sweet Violet, and she had a companion in the first version. The second has the victim seen outside of her room at eight o’clock in the morning, until ten, she wanders the neighborhood taverns. Jack did not have a whole hour to finish his appalling work. Or she was saved by the killer, we do not doubt it. The detectives are desperate, they are inside the room, but in the corridor and in the yard there is no trace of blood.
Sir Charles Warren promised the informant, if he is an accomplice, the gracious forgiveness of the queen, but it is obvious that Jack The Ripper operates by himself, as an ordinary photographer, the promise of monetary rewards were better but the minister of the interior has not yet decided to make a decision which he regards as evil and can not bring results. The precedents give reason. La Cite, in the Whitechapel murders, offered 25,000 francs for the discovery of the culprits, and this sum did not excite attractive whistleblowers. One criticism was Sir Charles Warren to have a disorganized service of detectives and the department has been stopped at this point, but this disruption is not in reality than what the police chief made it into his personal powers of Security Directorate, which may interfere in any way to the skill of its staff. The inhabitants of Whitechapel had organized a vigilance committee whose mission it is to compensate for the inability of the police detectives and the volunteers were instructed to find the murderer that detectives could not discover, yet detective-volunteers have found nothing at all, and they have many regular detectives. For several days, these amateur detectives are walking in Whitechapel, then the metier was tired and they returned to their homes, or they never get left it. The reason is that retirement would be the lack of funds, and the vigilance committee sends a call closely so that he be given enough money to rebuild the police force particularly; we must hope that this appeal is not heard and that leaves the officers at Scotland Yard the freedom to practice their profession. Police Sir Charles Warren has not lived up to the situation, and as the famous rifle, it always comes too late. So after a fortnight, she hopes to visit the decorated, as if Jack had to wait. Instead of renewing their visit on Friday, days or has been committed the crime, they did that Sunday night, they carefully inspected the 1,200 people who sleep in homes around Miller’s Court and, it is not surprising, the game does not chase it. In my opinion the biggest mistake of the police is to believe all the nonsense it has been flooded with and his biggest mistake is to take a bear paw for a woman’s leg and that they could not distinguish a mutton kidney for a human organ. The English police affects without ceasing to be a good track, it doesn’t communicate its secrets to anyone, the system would be excellent if there were any secrets, but unfortunately they do not exist, and it would be wiser to confess powerlessness which, if present, is not very surprising.

 
Source: Gazette De Lausanne, November 16, 1888, Page 2
 
Note: We are only just beginning to understand all the secrets that the police force kept hidden. These secrets and the powerlessness to do anything about them, did exist. We are now uncovering them bit by bit.