Archive for the ‘Inspector Frederick Abberline’ Category

THE DYNAMITE OUTRAGES IN LONDON.
 
The man Gilbert, alias Cunningham, who was arrested on a charge of having caused the explosion at the Tower, was brought up again at Bow street on Feb. 2. It was shown that he arrived in Liverpool in November from the United States, and came to London on Christmas Eve, when he conveyed an American trunk and a bag to lodgings which he had taken in Great Prescot street, Whitechapel. On Jan. 14 he left those lodgings for others in the same district, and between the two lodgings the trunk disappeared, and the police have not been able to trace it. When he was apprehended at the Tower he gave an account of himself which was shown to be untrue, and he denied having possessed a trunk. The police, on examining his wearing apparel at his lodgings, shook out of some socks a charged detonator, such as is only used for exploding dynamite. Mr. Poland, who conducted the prosecution, said the prisoner might be charged under an Act of George III., which constitutes an attempt to explode any of her Majesty’s armouries the crime of high treason, punishable with death. The prisoner was remanded for a week.
Circumstances have, it is understood, come to the knowledge of the police which will, in all probability, lead to a further charge being preferred against the prisoner Cunningham for being concerned in, if not actually causing, the explosion on the Underground Railway on Jan. 2. It will be remembered that on the occasion of the explosion the train from which the dynamite was dropped was proceeding towards Gower street. Almost immediately the explosion occurred the police took possession of the platform at the station and awaited the arrival there of the train, upon which the carriages were cleared, and in as many cases as possible the names and addresses of travellers were taken. Attention was particularly drawn to three men who had travelled in the guard’s brake van, and they were suspected of being the perpetrators of the outrage. By some means, however, they evaded the precautionary measures that had been instituted, and succeeded in escaping, not, however, before an opportunity had been given to the police and the guard of scrutinising the suspicious travellers. As a consequence a sergeant of police and the guard of the train attended at Bow street Police Court on Feb. 2 last, and at the conclusion of the prisoner Cunningham’s examination he was placed amongst a number of other men in one of the rooms adjoining the Court, with a view of ascertaining whether he could be identified as one of the men in question. The guard in charge of the train very carefully examined each individual placed before him, and pointed out Cunningham as being one of the suspected men travelling in the guard’s brake on the night of the explosion. The sergeant of police also entertained a similar belief. During the scrutiny the prisoner betrayed signs of great uneasiness, holding his head down and keeping his hat well over his eyes. He attempted to evade recognition. It is hoped that during future examinations other persons who were travelling by the train, and saw the men referred to, may be able to give evidence of identification.
Another important arrest and discovery were made very soon after this by the police on Feb. 3 in connection with the dynamite explosion at the Tower. Inspectors Jarvis and Abberline acting on information received, proceeded shortly after 5 o’clock to a house in Whitechapel, and took into custody a man whose name has not transpired, but who is believed to be an accomplice of the prisoner Cunningham, at present under remand. In the man’s possession was found a brown box, heavily weighted, which, there is little doubt, is the box that, according to the evidence given before the magistrates, was removed from Cunningham’s lodgings. The police regard the arrest as of great importance, and inquiries have been actively made, with the result, it is understood, that further evidence in the case has been obtained. – European Mail
 
Source: Star, Issue 5269, 26 March 1885, Page 4
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Turkish Bond Robbery

Posted: September 17, 2009 in Inspector Frederick Abberline
THE BIG BOND ROBBERY.
 
From the Dunedin Star’s Correspondent.
 
INSPECTOR ABBERLINE’S DISCOVERIES.
 
LONDON, Jan. 8. – Considerable sensation was caused in the early part of last year by a series of daring burglaries on board the Channel steamers, the safes of which were in some mysterious was opened, and large parcels of valuable bonds stolen. A watch set by Detective-inspector Abberline (who will be remembered as running the dynamitards down) resulted in the arrest of certain men in France; but owing to some technical difficulty they could not be extradited, and, after being detained some months by the French authorities, were released. This greatly chagrined Abberline, who, however, as will be seen, did not lose heart. On Tuesday, at Marlborough street, he charged a financial agent named Frederick Peach, not with stealing the bonds, but with obtaining a loan of L890 on a parcel, well knowing them to be stolen property and stopped by the Ottoman Government.
Frederick Pemberton Peach is a burly, large-faced man with a big moustache. He looks as much like an inspector of police as the sleek, smooth-faced Inspector Abberline, who has had this big case in hand, looks unlike one. Mr. Wontner, who prosecuted, in his opening told an interesting story. If it is true, the respectable-looking financial agent of the Richmond Villa is a very great "financial agent" indeed. He was a member of the Primrose Club, and from there carried on part of the correspondence which led to Mr. Seers parting with his L890. From there he wrote to Mr. Seers, with whom he had had previous dealings, and to whom he owed L160, stating that a friend of his named Mr. Archibald Melville, who was about to be married, wanted an advance of L1,000 upon the security of twenty L100 Turkish bonds. This was on July 15 of last year. After negotiations with Peach, and also with the nominal borrower, Archibald Melville, the money was paid over to Peach, who handed to Mr. Seers the twenty bonds with attached coupons. These were placed at the bank. The notes paid to Peach included seven of L100 each. Most of these were afterwards found to have been changed by Peach himself. The fact that the bonds were stolen was ultimately discovered through the presentation of one of the coupons for payment at the Ottoman Bank. Then information was given to the Marine Insurance Company, who had been the losers by the original robbery, and they called in the suave Abberline, who went very artfully to work. He found that Peach and the so-called Archibald Melville had occupied a house together at Eastbourne; that Melville was not at the time about to be married, as he was already a married man with a family, and occupied a house at Richmond, close by Peach. One of the notes was traced to Brighton, where Abberline found it had been cashed by this Mr. Archibald Melville. "And we know he is respectable," Abberline was told, "because he was introduced to us by the wealthy Mr. Kotche. Then the detective was on the track, for the "wealthy Mr. Kotche" was already known to him in connection with another phase of this big bond robbery. Peach was arrested, but Melville somehow was missed, and has not yet been found. Mr. Wontner also said he should be able to prove guilty possession of the bonds on the part of Peach. For at his house in Richmond there were found in a cavity under the floor beneath a bed 2,300 of the stolen bonds, together with a quantity of correspondence with Melville, which threw light on this and other transactions. In connection with the robbery two men have already, it will be remembered, been convicted at Vienna. One of Abberline’s exploits in the investigation was to open a Gladstone bag deposited in the luggage office at Cannon street, discovering a large number of stolen bonds. The facts of the robbery were: – On 12th January, 1890, a parcel of Turkish Priority bonds and a small quantity of Mexican bonds were insured in Paris for L8,400 with the Marine Insurance Company, and despatched to a firm of brokers in London. They duly left by train on 11th January, and were placed on board the South Eastern Company’s steamer Mary Beatrice at Boulogne by the officials of the railway company. When, however, the safe where they should have been placed was examined, on the arrival of the boat on the English shore, two of the parcels, namely, those worth L8,400, were missing. From inquiries at Boulogne it was found that sundry persons had been seen to leave the steamer hurriedly. Similar robberies occurring in the month of March of last year, Chief-inspector Abberline was sent over to Boulogne to see if he could there recognise among the passengers arriving any persons known to him as reputed bond robbers. On April 8 he caused to be arrested by the French police four men whom he saw leaving the steamer Breeze. One of them – a man named Powell – who had been suspected for years as a bond robber, was found at the police office to be vigorously masticating something. A big French officer, seeing this, seized him by the jaws, and, forcing them open, took out of his mouth a mass of somewhat pulpy paper, which, when it had been carefully treated, turned out to be a cloak-room ticket for an article left at Victoria Station. In Powell’s hand another ticket was found, which related to a valise left at Dover. This valise contained sham bonds which, it was supposed, it was intended to replace by any genuine ones that might be stolen on the voyage. Upon one of the other men were found two keys, one of which fitted the locks of all the safes of the steamers of the fleet, it being a master-key, opening a large number of locks of different patterns. Another of the men was noticed to be apparently most diligently searching for an insect under his armpit. On his arm being withdrawn from his coat, and his coat being removed, however, a crushed wax impression of one of the keys of the Breeze was found to be the object of his diligence. The fourth man was found to be in possession of impressions of two other keys. Efforts were made to bring about the extradition of these men for larceny on a British vessel, but unsuccessfully, the French police contenting themselves with examining them, and, after detaining them for five months, turning them out of the country. The ticket of an article left at Victoria station had in the meantime been found to refer to a hat-box containing sixty-two of the coupons belonging to a part of the parcel of bonds stolen on 12th January. About the month of June Inspector Abberline thought it advisable to make inquiries at Cannon street station. On searching there he found a Gladstone bag, which had been lying in the cloak room from about the date of the robbery. Being able to open the bag without breaking the lock he examined it, and inside discovered a large number of the missing bonds. He then arranged with the railway police to be communicated with when anybody called for the bag. A woman called a day or two afterwards, and was told to come again. Instead of returning she telegraphed to ask them to send the bag to the Piccadilly office of the company. While awaiting the bag’s arrival at that office Inspector Abberline went into the Cafe Monico and there saw the woman in conversation with the man Powell and a man named Kotche, another suspected bond-robber. Kotche gave the woman something, and she went into the office, and on its arrival received the bag and drove with Kotche to the St. John’s Wood road station and left it there. They then went into a house in Carlton road, St. John’s Wood, where it was discovered by Inspector Abberline they were cohabiting. Inspector Abberline went in and interviewed them, when, the bag being sent for, they were surprised to find it empty. L2,000 worth of bonds were seized by the Vienna police in the possession of two men, who were subsequently sentenced to terms of imprisonment in consequence. These recovered bonds, with those found at Peach’s house, left only a few unaccounted for.
For Peach it was contended that he was simply the agent for Melville, and had no knowledge that the bonds had been stolen. Mr. Hannay remanded the prisoners, offering to accept bail in two sureties of L200 each.
 
Source: Tuapeka Times, Volume XXIV, Issue 1877, 9 March 1892, Page 5
Another sensational story was unfolding around the time of the Jack the Ripper atrocities of 1888, and the Cleveland Street Scandal of 1889, namely that of the "Great Bond Robbery." Chief Inspector Abberline was instrumental in the capture of the criminals. Details of this crime can be read here:

GREAT BOND ROBBERY.

One of the Principals on Trial in England.
A MAN WITH MANY NAMES.

A Story of the "Great Bond Robbery," Which attracted So Much Attention at the Time of Its Commission.

LONDON, March 3. – At the Marlborough Street police court this morning, Walter Selwyn, said to be one of the most clever crooks in the world, was charged with conspiring with Frederick Pemberton Peach, now awaiting trial, to defraud George Willis Sears of 104 Regent Street, W., out of £890 by false pretenses. Mr. St. John Wontner prosecuted on behalf of the treasury.

A Romance of Crime.

This is a continuation of the famous criminal case known as the "Great Bond Robbery," and is one of the romances of crime in England. In brief, the "Great Bond Robbery" was plotted and carried out in the following manner:
Turkish priority 5 per cent bonds, after having been insured in Paris in January, 1890, for £8,500 with the representatives of the Marine Insurance company, were in due course dispatched to this country. They were put on board the steamer Mary Beatrice, one of the Southeastern company’s fleet at Boulogne, but on reaching the English shore they were missed from the safe and no trace of them could be found until the summer of last year, when a number of them were traced by Chief Inspector Abberline, of Scotland Yard.
Peach, who had had money transactions with Mr. Scears, a gentleman of independent means, residing with his wife in Regent Street, obtained a loan for £890 on a certain number of the bonds on behalf, as he said, of a Mr. Melville, of Merryvale House, Eastbourne, who is charged with Peach with participating in the conspiracy, and when the coupons were sent on to the Oriental bank for payment the "bubble burst" and warrants for the prisoners’ arrest were obtained. Soon afterward Peach was taken into custody and charged with having defrauded Scears of the amount named.

How the Conversion Was Effected.

Mr. A.K. Filey, superintendent of the coupon department of the London agency of the Imperial Ottoman bank, Throgmorton street, said that on the 10th of March, 1890, he received instructions from the council of administration of the Imperial Ottoman debt, and after that date all bonds and coupons of the 5 per cent priority bonds were were examined when presented. In May, 1890, the 5 per cent loans were advertised to be converted into 4 per cent loans. Witness produced a prospectus of the conversion. The holders of the bonds were required to exercise their right in the conversion on the 22nd of May, 1890, or at a date to be subsequently fixed. The bonds were to be paid off at par up to the date fixed upon. The date ultimately decided upon was the 12th of July, and after that date interest ceased to be payable. The fact was publicly advertised on the 18th of June.
In November, 1891, some of the coupons of the bonds which they had noticed had been stolen were presented by the Union bank for payment, and notice was returned to the effect that they had been stopped. Notice at the same time was given to the Marine Insurance company. In July, 1891, all the unconverted bonds of the 5 per cent bonds should have had attached the coupons of and from September of that year. The presentation of those coupons would of course cause inquiry to be made.

The Testimony.

Mr. J.H.P. Bland, chief clerk to Messrs. Bristow Bros., stock and share dealers of Austin Friars, said that on the 13th of January advice was received as to the dispatch of a certain number of bonds by Mr. Raffaele, of Paris. One of the parcels was to come by registered post and the other by the tidal train. The Turkish bonds were of the value of £8,500, and besides those there were twenty-five Mexican bonds. None of the bonds arrived, and notice was given the following day to the Marine Insurance company of that fact.
M. Paul Henri, clerk to Messrs. George Dunlop & co., 38 Avenue de l’Opera, Paris, agents to the Marine Insurance company, produced an insurance order from M. Raffaele, dated the 11th of January, for bonds for the value of 260,000 francs. The order was numbered 233. There were two other orders, numbered 231 and 232. Witness produced the policy and the receipt from M. Raffaele. The insurance was not only for the railway to Boulogne, but for the whole journey from Paris to London. It was an indefinite policy as to date.
M. Antoine Pomper, deputy chief of the financial department of the Chemin de Fer du Nord, produced a book containing the signature of the guard of the train for the bonds.
Frederick Carpenter, an employee of  the Chemin de Fer du Nord at Boulogne, said he received a leaden basket containing the bonds at Boulogne station and carried it to the quay, where it was opened in the presence of the sous brigadier of the custom house. He took the larger of the four parcels which the basket contained on board the Mary Beatrice and put it by the side of the safe in the presence of the second officer of the vessel. The other parcels were put in the same place afterward.
Frederick Downs, a railroad reporter at Folkstone, said he remembered the arrival of the steamer Mary Beatrice on the 12th of January, 1890. He conveyed the iron safe from the ship to the baggage room, and there saw it opened in the presence of Mr. Ledger, now deceased. It contained only two instead of four parcels.
Chief Inspector Abberline, of Scotland Yard, said he heard of the theft of the bonds and saw the notices issued. Afterward, in March, 1891, he went to Calais with a view to watching the steamers as they arrived. He was there on the morning of the 9th of April, accompanied by Detective Sergeant Lowe. He saw four men leave the steamer Breeze on its arrival from Dover. One of them was named Powell, and another St. Clair, the other two he knew by the names of Red Bob and Shrimps. He knew the four well and suspected them.

Arrested in France.

At his instance they were arrested by the French police, and at their bureau a ticket Powell tried to swallow was taken from him by a powerful officer. Powell appealed to witness, saying that it was nothing; but the mass was handed to witness in a state of of pulp, and on its being put together it proved to be a cloakroom ticket for a hat box left at the Victoria station. The number was destroyed, but the date, the 9th of March, 1891, was intact. A ticket for a bag left at the cloakroom, Dover, was also taken from Powell’s hand. Witness saw three keys found upon St. Clair. One was a master key and fitted all the safes on all the steamers of the London, Chatham and Dover company. He also had two small padlock keys, one of which fitted the padlock on an outer box on board the steamer Wave and another padlock at the station at Dover. An impression of the key that fitted the padlock on board the Breeze was also taken from St. Clair. Witness saw "Red Bob" press something together with all his force, and on its being taken from him it proved to be a piece of wax on which had been the impression of a key. The four were detained by the French police.

A Case of Substitution.

On returning to this country witness went to the cloakroom at the Dover station, and in one of the bags there he discovered a dummy parcel, done up neatly in oilcloth and sealed so as to resemble exactly in its appearance a parcel of real bonds. The parcel was to be substituted for the real bonds after they had been stolen, so that the loss would not be immediatley discovered. In the hat box at Victoria station witness discovered within the lining a small seal packet, containing sixty-two coupons of the missing bonds. The box also contained a couple of old shirts. The French police were informed of what witness had found, and the four men were kept in custody until August, when they were ordered to leave the country under a decree of expulsion.
Peach and Melville were eventually connected by the police with the man charged today known as "Walter Selwyn," "Captain Selwyn" and "Lord Fairfax," who, in 1888, was charged with attempting to obtain $150,000 by means of fraudulent American railroad bonds, and who has undergone sentences of imprisonment and penal servitude. He will now most likely be tried with Peach.
Mr. Thomas Girdler, managing clerk to Mr. Chancellor, house agent, of Richmond, said that in November, 1889, they had the selling of a house, 2 Park hill, Richmond. They had negotiations with a man named Walter Selwyn, and the lease was sold to Mrs. Selwyn, his wife, for £480. He had seen the photograph in the possession of Chief Inspector Abberline, and from that he identified the man.
Constable Hammond said that he had charge of an empty house in Park hill, Richmond. Captain Selwyn, with his wife and sister and two children, lived at No. 2. Witness when they were absent had taken care of their cat and bird for them. The photograph produced was that of Captain Selwyn.

A Big Attempt at Fraud.

Detective Inspector Stroud said that he had a case in 1888 in which a person of the name of Walter Selwyn, or Fairfax, was concerned with a man named Johnson and four others in a gigantic attempt at fraud in connection with the deposit of a large number of Hamilton and Western railway (American) bonds. They had attempted to obtain £30,000 on the bonds, which proved to be fraudulent. Selwyn called himself Lord Fairfax, and the pair were tried at the Old Bailey, and were convicted and sentenced. Selwyn had suffered eighteen months and five years’ penal servitude. When he had Selwyn in custody he wore a large black mustache, but next morning it had turned brown. He recognized Selwyn by the photograph produced.
Inspector Sager, of the city police, said that he was present at the central criminal court in November, 1890, when two men named George Johnson and John Phillips were tried for forgery. He saw Selwyn there, and he recognized him from the photograph in the possession of Abberline.
Detective Sergeant Lowe, of Scotland Yard, said that he was present with Abberline at Boulogne and elsewhere, and he corroborated his evidence generally.

A Man of Many Aliases.

"Lord Fairfax," alias "Captain Selwyn," charged as "Walter Selwyn," vowed that he was innocent of any participation in the conspiracy, but the police had a surprise in store for everybody, and when the preliminary testimony had been given fully, identifying Peach’s connection with Melville, they proved, to the satisfaction of the magistrate at least, that "Melville" and "Lord Fairfax" and "Captain Selwyn" were one and the same person. This the prisoner indignantly denied, but he was remanded until Monday in order to enable the police to complete their chain of evidence. "Lord Fairfax’s" name has frequently been mentioned in connection with Peach, but until today nobody except the police had any idea that he and "Melville" were one and the same person.

Source: St. Lawrence Republican, Wednesday March 9, 1892

Now we’ll look deeper into the life and career of Detective Inspector Abberline. Here are a few articles from The Police Courts, which appeared in "News of the World" and "Weekly Dispatch" of 1886, 2 years before the Ripper case.
 
THAMES
 
A SERIES OF BURGLARIES. – DENNIS BRYAN, 35, alias Arthur Roberts, alias August, was brought up in custody of Detective-Inspector Abberline, of the Criminal Investigation Department, under a writ of habeas corpus, from Birmingham Gaol, charged with having committed a number of burglaries and violent assaults on the police. He was first charged with burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of John Galvin, 47, Exmouth-Street, Mile-end, with intent to steal therein, on the 30th April last. The next charge was that of violently assaulting Police-constable George Goad, 443 H, with intent to resist his lawful apprehension, at the same time and place. The next charge was of burglariously entering the dwelling-house of Jane Elizabeth Woodland, 29, Hunt-street, Mile-end, on the 10th June, 1886, and stealing therefrom seven shawls, two quilts, four tablecloths, six dress pieces, and two vests, value £4; also with violently assaulting Police-constable Frederick Weir, 180 H, at the same time and place. He was next charged with breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Mr. Barnard Goldsmith, 125, High-street, Whitechapel, and stealing therefrom eight pairs of trousers, one coat, and three pieces of cloth; also with feloniously wounding Police-constable Thomas Ockwell, 43 H, with intent to resist his lawful apprehension, at old Castle-street, Whitechapel. – Mr. Angus Lewis prosecuted on behalf of the Public Prosecutor, and was about to open the case when the accused asked that all witnesses should be ordered out of Court, as he believed himself to be the victim of a gigantic conspiracy. – The witnesses having been ordered out of Court, Mr. Lewis said that each of the burglaries committed by the accused was accompanied by severe acts of violence on the police. The accused then got away to Birmingham, where he was convicted of another offence. – Goad, 443 H, said on the night of April 29 he was on duty in Exmouth-street. About 10 minutes past twelve he saw the prisoner with two other men about 40 yards from Mr. Galvin’s house. He watched them, and saw the accused enter No. 47, apparently with a key. The other two men then walked away. Witness walked towards the door. When within five or six yards from the door he heard a whistle from one of the other two men. Bryan then came out of the house and ran away. Witness followed and caught him. As soon as he put his hand on Bryan he said, "I live there." Witness said, "You will have to come back to the house with me and see what has happened." – Bryan then struck him in the face with his fist, and attempted to get away by struggling. The other two men came up. Witness drew his truncheon and struck at the prisoner, but missed him. Bryan then butted him in the chest with his head, and he fell to the ground. While on the ground he received several kicks on various parts of the body and head from the prisoner and the other men. The accused then wrenched his truncheon from him and struck him a severe blow on the head with it, which rendered him insensible. The next thing he remembered was seeing the prisoner enter the house. Witness was assisted to the police-station. In consequence of the injuries he received he was under the care of the divisional surgeon for three months. He was sure the prisoner was the man who assaulted him. His truncheon was never found. He next saw the prisoner on the 21st July at Winson-green Prison, Birmingham, where he picked him out from among 12 other men. – By the prisoner: He could see what the prisoner was doing, as the door of the house was right under a lamp. He was then dressed in a black diagonal coat and vest. – The prisoner: It was a very dull night; I remember it well, for I went home to fetch my overcoat. – Mrs. Elizabeth Boustred, the wife of a beershop keeper at the corner of Exmouth-street, said on the night in question she heard a thud, and on going outside she saw the constable lying on his face, in the road, insensible. She then saw three men running away. Witness turned the constable over, pulled out his whistle, and blew it for assistance. Some other officers then came. – Dr. Edmund King Houchin, divisional surgeon of police, proved the nature of the constable’s injuries, and said that he was under his care for three months. – Mr. Saunders said that the constable had acted with great zeal, and his conduct was to be commended. He had much pleasure in marking the sheet accordingly. – Detective-Inspector George Abberline said that in consequence of the information he received he went to Birmingham, with a Home Office order, in company with three constables, of whom Goad was one. He arranged with the prison authorities to have the prisoner placed with nine other men, and all of them were in plain clothes. Goad picked out the prisoner, but not so readily as the other two officers. Witness asked Goad whether he saw any one he knew, and he pointed out the accused. When he read the charge over to the prisoner that morning he made no reply. – By the prisoner: His photograph was circulated, and that was how his whereabouts came to be known. Witness was acting on secret information to a certain extent. – Constable F. Robins, 119 H, said that he was at Southampton when the prisoner was sentenced to ten years’ penal servitude for housebreaking and having deadly  and housebreaking weapons in his possession, in the name of Reuben August. – This completed the first case, when the prisoner made a long statement, to the effect that because he had been previously convicted these charges were fixed on him. He heard that that was going to be done, and that was why he left London and went to Birmingham. – Mr. Saunders then remanded the prisoner… The next day the first witness called was Mrs. Woodland, of 29, Hunt-street who stated she kept a pawnbrokers shop. On the night of the 9th June last she closed up the premises herself, and everything was secured in the usual way. About 3 o’clock on the following morning she was called up by the police. On going outside her shop she found that one of the shutters had been broken down and the window cut out. A piece of glass had been clean cut out, and then the remaining portions broken off, and placed inside the shop window. From the window she missed various articles, which she afterwards saw at the Commercial-street Police-station. – Police constable Frederick Weir, 180 H, stated that he was on duty in Pelham-street, Mile-end New Town, early on the 10th June with Constable 55 H. He saw the prisoner with other men. Bryan was wheeling a costermonger’s barrow, while the other two men were walking on either side of it. Witness stopped Bryan and asked him what he had in the barrow. He replied, "I have had a few words with my landlord, and am shifting my things, as I owe him a few weeks’ rent." Witness said, "Let us see what you have in the sack," at the same time opening the sack and seeing that it contained some pawnbroker’s bundles. Witness then said, "This is wrong." As soon as he said that the other two men turned round and ran away. The other constable ran after them. Witness told the prisoner he would have to stop, and he said, "I will be quiet." After the other constable had got out of sight, the accused said, "Now I mean to have a go for it." He then tripped witness up and threw him over the handles of the barrow. Witness had both hands in Bryan’s collar, and pulled him on to him. When in that position Bryan put his mouth over him and bit him through the nose, and also through the left hand. The teeth marks were still visible. Witness was almost stunned. The prisoner then got up, gave him several kicks about the body, and ran away. Witness was under the hands of the doctor for 14 days. – Constable Joseph Mizen, 55 H, gave evidence corroborating that of the last witness. – Detective-inspector Frederick Abberline stated he caused the prisoner to be placed with nine other men in the prison at Birmingham on the 21st July. They were all dressed in plain clothes. Constable Weir immediately picked him out. On the previous day witness put Bryan with nine other men, when the last witness at once identified him. – This having completed the second charge, Mr. Lushington formally cautioned the prisoner, who said, "It is evident to me that this is a conspiracy, for I am conscious I am not the man. The three constables who have come against me agree I wore a black diagonal coat. I never wore such a thing. Though well known about the locality where the cases took place, there is not a single man who can come forward and said they saw me with such a coat; and the first constable pretended he took such minute notice of me as to describe the collar I wore. From my knowledge of the street, which has been familiar to me from my childhood, and where I have passed along day and night as a boy, I know for a fact that on a dull night no one engaged in securing a man could take such notice as to describe everything he wore. Furthermore, if I could produce a single man who had a knowledge of the circumstances, he would say I was the victim of a conspiracy founded on the previous knowledge of my career. That is all." – Evidence having been given of an assault upon Police-constable Thomas Ockwell on the 10th June last, the prisoner, in answer to the charge, said," I am well aware that whatever I say is the truth, and if it should be proved against me I wish to deny it. One circumstance I wish to notice. Although three persons are supposed to be concerned in the first two cases, I seem to be the only one they know and can recognise. Again, if I committed the offences, why was I not taken before? I am well known in the locality, yet no one attempts to arrest me until the last offence is committed in Castle-street. Then a rumour is circulated that when I went to show myself at the Commercial-street Police-station on the Saturday they meant to detain me. Fear of the result made me go to Birmingham. There I got into trouble; got remanded for a week, and then Superintendent Black told me if I happened to get out of that charge I would be taken for burglary and assault in London. I remarked to Superintendent Black that I knew it, and it was the fear of the result that took me to Birmingham. That is all I wish to say." Mr. Lushington then committed the prisoner for trial on the various charges at the next sessions of the Central Criminal Court.
 
Source: News Of The World, Sunday August 22, 1886, page 7
 
The next article shows that Detective Inspector Abberline was not new to, and quite wizened to, dealing with those involved in the occult.
 
THAMES
 
SINGULAR CHARGE OF FORTUNE TELLING. – Emily Rachel Howie, described as a needle-woman, of Stretfield-street, St. George’s, and Antonia Speal, married, of Providence-street, St. George’s were charged with fortune telling. – Ellen Moore, a cook, living at Leman-street, Whitechapel, said on Saturday she went to Howie’s house in Stretfield-street, and was accompanied by a friend named Wood. Howie came to the door, and asked what they wanted, as she was afraid of seeing strangers. She then referred to a book (produced), and asked witness her age. On telling her, she shuffled a pack of cards, placed them on her lap, and told witness to cut them into three portions. Witness did so. The prisoner then spread the cards out, and told her she had seen plenty of trouble, but would not see any more. She also said witness had a dark woman who was an enemy, and she would have money from abroad. The accused also told witness she should marry, and by that means have a rise in life, and overlook all her enemies. Witness then asked her the charge, and she replied sixpence. She paid her that amount. Her friend then had her fortune told, and the prisoner told her she had a young man abroad, and that he would be home sooner than she expected. The prisoner also told her that by the time she got home she would find a letter awaiting her, which contained money. – By the prisoner: Witness was sent to her by Detective sergeant White. – The prisoner: I did not extort money. I am reduced in circumstances. I acknowledge I have cut cards for ladies. The witness importuned me. – Alice Wood, Wellclose-square, St. George’s-in-the-East, corroborated the evidence of the last witness, and added, when they first saw the prisoner Howie, she said, "I must be careful about receiving strangers." She added that the dear young man was very fond of her, and was coming off deep waters with plenty of gold. She had seen women visiting prisoner’s house. – Detective-sergeant Stephen White said he arrested the prisoner at her house. The street-door was open, and looking into the room he saw the prisoner seated at a table with the book and a pack of cards. A young lady was seated in the room. As soon as she saw witness she tried to pass the cards over her shoulder, but they went into Inspector Abberline’s hands. The young lady said she was having her fortune told. – Alice Wood, recalled, said when she went to Speal’s house, the prisoner asked who sent her there. She replied, "a young woman." Witness sat opposite Speal, who was seated at a round table. Having shuffled the cards witness parted them. She told witness there was a man "betwixt colours," who was very fond of her, also that a fair young man loved her, that the dark one was coming off deep waters, and would offer her marriage. Speal also said a dark woman would make a great deal of mischief between them, and if they got married, they would soon be parted. Also that witness had plenty of enemies, and a fire would happen in her home. Witness paid her 6d. – Ellen Moore also proved visiting the house and having her fortune told. Speal told her there would be a death in her family. She would then be left a deal of money, but would have some trouble in getting it, after that "everything would be good before her." Witness paid her her 6d. – Sergeant White said when he arrested Speal she tried to get away. She said, " I have done nothing wrong." Sergeant Newman found a lot of cards in the house. – Mr. Lushington sentenced each of the prisoners to three months’ hard labour.
 
Source: News Of The World, Sunday January 31, 1886, page 5
 
REVELATIONS ABOUT "SPORTSMEN."
 
At WORSHIP-STREET, on Wednesday, two respectable looking men, giving the names of Davis and Williams, and an address at Eagling-road, Bow, were brought up on remand on the charge of stealing four guns, value £60, from a shop at Newcastle-street, Whitechapel. Inspector Abberline conducted the case, and produced evidence showing that the guns were missed on the 19th of December and the 7th of January, on both of which occasions the prisoners were in the shop for the purpose of making purchases, and were left alone for some few minutes. The prisoners being suspected of stealing the guns, Police-detective East followed them to shooting matches in various places near London, and found them using one of the guns. They were arrested, and inquiries made resulted in the discovery that the prisoners at a shooting match near Bristol at Christmas last sold the three other missing guns to a dealer living at Bristol. Detective-inspector Short, of the Bristol Police, now proved that the two prisoners were brothers, and their proper names were John and James Bacon, and they belonged to Bedminster. The man now calling himself Williams had been twice convicted, at Bristol in 1865 and at Gloucester in 1872, when he received two years’ imprisonment. Davis had been several times convicted, once in 1868 at Bristol, when he was sentenced to seven years’ penal servitude for housebreaking, and also in 1881, when he was sentenced to five years’ penal servitude. Mr. Hannay fully committed them for trial.
 
Source: Weekly Dispatch, Sunday April 11, 1886, page 10
 
A DARING GANG OF THIEVES.
 
At the THAMES court, on Thursday, John Gibbs, twenty-one, a licence holder, and Alfred Humphries, nineteen, were charged on remand with stealing a gold watch and chain from Thomas Chaffer, an insurance agent; secondly, with stealing a portion of a gold chain from Lewis Lesser, a collector for Jewish charities; and also with stealing a gold watch and chain and an umbrella from Dr. Septimus Swyer. The evidence of Mr. Chaffer was to the effect that on Saturday evening, the 27th ult., he was walking along the Whitechapel-road, in the direction of Stepney Green. On getting to East Mount-street he was set upon by five men, two of whom were the prisoners. Humphries put his hand under his coat and tore away his watch and chain. At the same time he received a punch in the back, and Gibbs kicked him in the stomach and threw him down. He got up and attempted to follow Humphries, but was then tripped up by Gibbs. He again got up and called out, "Police!" and "Stop thief!" After that he went to the police-station at Arbour-square, and gave a description of the prisoners. Last Thursday he was called to the police-station, and picked the prisoners out from twelve other men. Mr. Lesser was next called, and proved that on Monday, the 8th inst., he was walking along Leslie-street, and when within two yards of his own door three men came in front of him. One of them pulled open his coat, and Gibbs took him by the shoulders and pulled him onto his back. Gibbs and another man then held him down, and rifled his pockets. He screamed for help, and received a punch in the mouth. He still cried for help, when a hand was placed over his mouth to stifle his cries. Witness held his hand over his watch, and a portion of the gold chain was wrenched off. Some persons then came up, and he was allowed to raise himself. Two of the men at once made their escape, and he followed Gibbs for some distance, but at last he managed to get away. Dr. Swyer said shortly before ten o’clock on the night of Sunday, the 28th ult., he was passing through Osborne-street, Whitechapel, in company with his boy. He was suddenly secured from behind by several persons, and his arms pinioned. He then received a crushing blow on the hat, which partially stunned him. He also received a blow on the left temple. His umbrella was taken from him. The prisoner Gibbs then came in front of him, unbuttoned his overcoat, and snatched his watch and chain. As soon as witness could release himself he went after Gibbs, but several of his companions tried to trip him up when he did so. There were as many as twenty-five or thirty persons in the gang. Mr. Abberline stated that there were other cases against the prisoners. Mr. Lushington committed the prisoners for trial.
 
Source: Weekly Dispatch, Sunday March 21, 1886, page 10
 
LONDON’S GREAT TERROR
DREADING MORE OUTRAGES BY DYNAMITERS.
 
THE MEASURES TAKEN TO GUARD PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND FIND THE CRIMINALS – EXAMINING A SUSPECTED DYNAMITER.
 
LONDON, Jan. 26. – The excitement over the explosions on Saturday afternoon continues with unabated force. The approaches to all the public buildings are being rigidly guarded. Nobody is allowed to enter without submitting to the closest scrutiny. The Tower and the Parliament Houses are surrounded with sentries and extra policemen. Immense crowds of people continue to be attracted to the vicinity of the Tower and Westminster. The two policemen, Cox and Cole, who were injured by the explosion in Westminster Hall are making favorable progress, and hope is entertained of their recovery.
Col. Majendie is engaged today in an official inspection of the scenes of the explosion at the Parliament Buildings, and is having limelight photographs taken of all the damaged portions of the interiors. Afterward the debris will be carefully removed and examined for the purpose of ascertaining scientifically the exact nature of the compound used in making the explosives. Excellent photographs were secured today of the interior of the Banquet Hall of the White Tower, in which the explosion at London Tower occured. The wreckage remains still in its original position, and the hall presents a picture of marvelous confusion. Col. Majendie will make an official examination of the place tomorrow. Meanwhile the privilege of free admission to the Tower and grounds has been suspended. In the Council Chamber of the Tower whole cases made of plate glass a quarter of an inch thick and containing armor were shattered by the force of the explosion. The wall against which the dynamite was placed is 16 feet thick, notwithstanding which the plastering on the opposite side of the wall for a radius of several feet was shaken to the floor, leaving the stonework bare. Several good photographs of this effect of the explosion have been secured. The electric lighting office of the House of Commons and the cables were destroyed, and the apparatus was rendered unfit for use by the explosions. Closer inspection shows the ruin to have been more appalling than at first supposed. The Post Office in the lobby was destroyed, and several huge blocks of stone, 14 inches in thickness and weighing half a ton, were upheaved. The ventilation chamber of the House of Commons is a yawning chasm, into which, at the moment of the explosion, poured many tons of brickwork, masonry, and splintered timber.
The experts who have been examining the locality of the disaster in the Parliament Building have reached the conclusion, after tracing the progress of the debris, that the explosion occured in the passage leading from the aye division lobby to the seats in the southwest chamber, usually occupied by the public Secretaries. The parcel containing the dynamite was placed a few feet beyond the barrier at the entrance to the House of Commons, the location being precisely indicated by a hole plowed through masonry a foot thick. A fissure was also made in the brickwork of an arch nearby. Surprise is expressed that the explosive was not placed directly under the barrier, in which case the damage would have been far greater. All the indications show that the explosive possessed the downward tendency peculiar to dynamite. Odors indicating sulphuric or nitric acid, and totally unlike the smell of gunpowder, were noticed after the explosion. It is now known that the infernal machines used to cause the disasters were ignited by sulphuric acid, which worked through cottonwool and ate away the cap beneath. The process occupied twenty minutes’ time, and this allowed the conspirator to escape before the explosion took place. Not the slightest trace of any mechanical apparatus or of a fuse has been found in the Tower or in the Parliament Buildings. This fact strengthens the opinion that no infernal machine was used to effect the explosions, but that the agency employed was dynamite in some simple form, packages containing five or six pounds of the explosive being deposited in the Tower and the Parliament Buildings.
The Queen has summoned the Controller of the Royal Household to Osborne House, the Queen’s residence on the Isle of Wight, to describe to her the nature and extent of the disasters. The official estimates made by the Government Inspectors place the amount of the pecuniary damage wrought by the explosions in Westminster Hall, the House of Commons, and the Tower, at $70,000.
The letter received by the police officials yesterday is now believed to be a very important document. In addition to other valuable information it states that St. Paul’s Cathedral and the office of the Daily Telegraph are among the buildings which the dynamiters threaten to blow up. Special precautions have been taken for the protection of the Stock Exchange and New Law Courts against dynamite attacks. All the royal apartments at Windsor Castle have been ordered closed to all visitors. This step has been taken in consequence of the extraordinary precautionary measures generally advised by the Ministry. The Queen has conducted herself so stoically throughout all previous dynamite panics that her present action attracts more attention.
It is reported that the police have discovered an important clue which they are following with the utmost diligence. They already have eight men under surveillance. A man arrested today on suspicion of being concerned in the outrages is still in custody, but the police refuse all information as to his name or their reasons for believing him guilty. A notice has been issued by the police authorities asking all who were visitors to the Parliament Building Saturday to give the police any possible information regarding the man and woman who were seen in the building that afternoon under suspicious circumstances. The woman is believed to have carried the dynamite under her cloak. The notice gives the following personal description of them: The man – Age, 35 to 40 years; height, 5 feet 10 inches; sallow complexion; chin shaved, fair whiskers and mustache; rather pug nose; wore a long brown overcoat, dark trousers, and billycock hat. The woman – Age, 40 years; short stature; sallow complexion; wore a dark dress and sealskin or imitation sealskin jacket.
Constable Cole, who was terribly injured in his attempt to prevent the explosion in Westminster Hall, made an important statement this afternoon. He said that when he picked up the bundle on the steps leading to the crypt he noticed that it was very heavy in proportion to its size. He determined to carry it outside of the building, because he saw smoke issuing from the bundle and believed it to be some sort of an infernal machine. Just as he reached the top of the stairway he saw an oily substance oozing from the bottom of the bundle. This stuff burned his hands and compelled him to drop the bundle. He has no recollection of anything that happened after that. This statement by Constable Cole confirms a theory entertained by the police that a chemical fuse was arranged in such a way that it would burn through a cotton plug inserted between the fuse and the fulminating substance intended to explode the dynamite.
A movement is on foot to raise a fund by popular subscriptions to reward Constable Cole for his plucky effort to avert the disaster.
Fifteen detectives arrived at Dover from London at midnight last night. Seven of them have since departed for various railway stations to keep a lookout for suspicious persons that may have taken part in the London outrages. Two of them have been in close consultation with French detectives. An official notice has been posted at the entrance to the Law Courts empowering the police to search any bag or parcel before the bearer thereof shall be allowed to enter. Many persons carrying parcels on the streets today have been stopped by the police and the parcels examined before they were permitted to pass on. Special detectives have been detailed to watch all outgoing steamers, especially steamers for America. All vessels are strictly searched.
It is reported in the city this evening that one of the great English railway corporations has decided to discharge from its employ immediately all persons of Irish birth.
A rumor was current last evening and this morning that Cunningham, who was arrested at the Tower, would have a hearing today at the Thames Police Court, in Arbour-street. The report caused the court and the streets in the vicinity to be crowded with excited citizens and extra police had to be placed on duty to keep order. The feeling against Cunningham is very bitter, and if the crowd once got their hands on him there is no doubt he would be lynched. Soon after noon it was ascertained that Cunningham would be arraigned at the Bow-Street Police Court. The people in the vicinity of the Thames Police Court then gathered in and about that court.
Cunningham was conveyed to the Bow-Street Police Court today by a strong guard of police. He was there charged, on suspicion, of complicity in the explosion at the Tower of London. He smilingly surveyed the court and the crowd which had congregated within to get a glimpse of the alleged dynamiter. Inspector Abberline deposed that he examined the prisoner at the Tower; that he (the prisoner) was confused and gave contradictory answers to the questions propounded. The prisoner, the Inspector said, first gave a wrong address as to his place of abode. Then he stated that he lived in Scarboro-street, Whitechapel; that he worked in the docks at Liverpool until the beginning of the year, when he came to London to try and better himself. He formerly resided in America, and made voyages on the steamship Adriatic, of the White Star Line. The Inspector further deposed that the prisoner was known at his lodgings in Whitechapel as Dalton. A box and a bag belonging to the prisoner has been seized by the police, but their contents had not as yet been made known. Keys were found in the possession of Cunningham which exactly fitted in the door of the residence in Whitechapel claimed by him as his place of residence; also keys which fitted in the locks of the suspicious bag and box. Inquiry by telegraph had revealed the fact that Cunningham was unknown at his alleged lodgings at Liverpool. The proprietor of the house there said that he could remember no such man as the one described as Cunningham. The prisoner’s hands are horny, indicating that he is used to hard work. He admitted that the constable was correct in his deposition, but refused to say anything further. He was remanded until Tuesday, Feb. 3.
The examination tended to convince the police that in arresting Cunningham they had secured a prisoner who at least had guilty knowledge of Saturday’s crimes. It was proved that he was a native of Cork, that he had lived at least five years in the United States, and that he had arrived in England during last Autumn and came directly from New York. His pretense that he was an Englishman was well carried out for a few hours after his arrest, his appearance favoring it and his drawling stammer being peculiarly cockneyish. But in his excitement under the close cross-examination of the court he forgot himself for a moment and spoke as rapidly and distinctly as an elocutionist and clearly demonstrated that his cockneyism was a clever piece of dissimulation. During the proceedings Cunningham paid the closest attention to everything going on within the court room. He frequently was made very nervous by the statements of the police, and at such times would lean forward and bite his under lip, at the same time glancing furtively about the room. In person Cunnningham is short, and of dark, sallow complexion. His face is clean-shaven. His cheek bones are high, and his upper lip is conspicuously overhanging. He is apparently about 28 years of age. When speaking freely and naturally his accent is notably American or Irish-American. Upon the street under ordinary circumstances he might at a hasty glance be taken for a German-American. At the time of his arrest he wore a dark overcoat and a felt hat. It is reported that he has made an important revelation, in consequence of which all trains leaving London for seaport towns are accompanied by detectives.
 
Source: The New York Times, January 27, 1885
 
The Old Bailey Records are now online and you can find several cases in which Abberline appeared as a witness here:
 
 
 
Or click here http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/ and enter "Abberline" or "Aberline" in the search bar
 
 
 

Group photo of the Police and Police Sergeant Constables of H Division (Whitechapel). The date is unknown.

Photo Source: www.jacktheripper.nl/Politie

I believe that Inspector Frederick Abberline is seated in the front row, center (sixth one from the left). If you look closely, you can see the letter "A", written upside down, in blue paint or ink right in front of that officer too. I am not sure if the letter was painted on the ground prior to the photo shoot or if the letter was added in ink directly to the photograph itself, by a family member or friend of the family. 

 

normal_Inspector_Abberline (WinCE)Found below is the notice of Frederick George Abberline’s death, and the proving of his will, with a codicil.
 
 
FREDERICK GEORGE ABBERLINE, Deceased.
Pursuant to the Trustee Act, 1925.
 
NOTICE is hereby given that all creditors and other persons having any debts, claims or demands against the estate of Frederick George Abberline, late of "Estcourt," 195, Holdenhurst-road, Bournemouth, Hants (who died on the 10th December, 1929, and whose will, with a codicil, was proved in the Principal Probate Registry on the 12th February, 1930, by Arthur Edward Wheeler, the executor named in the said codicil), are hereby required to send in the particulars of their debts, claims or demands to me, the undersigned, the Solicitor for the executor, on or before the 31st May, 1930, after which date the executor will proceed to distribute the assets of the deceased amongst the persons entitled thereto, having regard only to the claims and demands of which he shall then have had notice; and he will not be liable for the assets of the deceased, or any part thereof, so distributed, to any person or persons of whose debts, claims or demands he shall not then have had notice. – Dated this 24th March, 1930.
 
      EDWARD H. BONE, 27, Old Christchurch-road, Bournemouth, Solicitor for the Executor.
 
Source: The London Gazette, March 28, 1930, page 1998