Archive for the ‘The Non-Rippers’ Category

                  Charles LeGrand                                                                                               Carlo Sesicovich
* used the aliases "Charles Grandy" and "Charles LeGrand"                   * used the aliases "Charles Grandy" and "Charles LeGrand"
* lived in London in the area known as "The Strand"                              * lived in London at 46 Maude Grove in Chelsea
* committed crimes such as blackmail, forgery, counterfeiting               * committed crimes such as blackmail, forgery, counterfeiting
* committed his crimes with his common-law wife (a prostitute)             * committed his crimes with his mistress
* his victims were all titled ladies                                                           * his victims were wealthy women with diamonds and money (Lydia Chapman)
* when arrested, was in possession of a forged bill of exchange             * was arrested for forging bills of exchange, bank notes, letters of credit
The only scenarios which make these odds possible are the following:
1. One of these men was cloned from the other. Odds: 0%
2. They were both evil twins.  Odds: 10%
3. They are the same man.   Odds: 90%
With odds this great, I think I’ll take myself to Vegas!!

Grandy Is Le Grande

Posted: January 1, 2010 in The Non-Rippers
Charles Grandy is Charles Le Grande as per this information, for those who may have trouble reading the written word:
Here is the article from New Zealand, which explains how Inspector Henry Moore exposed Charles Le Grande, alias Charles Grandy. No matter how many names I’m called or how much one argues about this, the fact remains that Charles Le Grande, alias Charles Grandy, alias Carlo Sesicovich, alias Dugan, alias Charles Briscony, alias Christian Neilsen, alias The Dutchman, alias The Frenchman is one and the same person. And what’s more, if one reads all of the LeGrande and Grandy articles that I have posted, one will see that he also traveled to and lived in London. He was only one individual and was never cloned, since cloning had not been invented yet. Black Sheep
 James Cregan and Charles Becker Taken – They are Charged with Having Realized Twenty-Thousand Dollars Through a Swindling Operation in San Francisco – Followed All over the Country by Detectives Employed by a Bank.
NEWARK, N.J., May 13. – Two men, alleged to be check raisers, forgers, and swindlers generally were taken into custody here this afternoon. They are two out of a gang of four. The other two members of the gang are now under arrest in San Francisco, where the two arrested today will be taken.
The men arrested are James Cregan, thirty-five years old, and Charles Becker. The specific charge on which they were taken into custody was that they raised a check for $12 to call for $22,000 in gold. They obtained the money without the least trouble and then escaped. A.H. Holmes, a merchandise broker, whose offices were in San Francisco, Dec. 10 last, presented a check to the Nevada Bank. He had done some business through the bank and had become known to the cashier, who had no reason to suspect him of being anything but what he represented himself to be. The check he presented Dec. 10 was for $22,000. It was made to his order and drawn on the Crocker-Woolworth Bank of San Francisco, by the Bank of Woodland, Cal. Holmes explained that he turned it in to the Nevada Bank for collection, to save himself the trouble of being identified at the other bank. He was given four bags of twenty-dollar gold pieces. Each bag contained $5,000. The other $2,000 was placed to his credit.
That was the last seen of Holmes for a long time. His balance remained undisturbed in the Nevada Bank, and his business transactions ceased, and the day he drew the $20,000 his offices were closed and he departed.
In the course of time the check reached the bank on which it was drawn through the Clearing House. Inquiry developed the fact that the only check anything like the one presented had been made out for $12. Experts were placed on the case, and it was found by microscopic examination that the twelve-dollar check had been most skilfully raised from that amount to $22,000. Not only had the needful erasures been made, but the perforations had been surmounted, and all so neatly that to the naked eye, and even under an ordinary magnifying glass, there did not appear to be the slightest thing wrong with the check. The date on the check had been advanced to correspond more nearly with the date of presentation. The "lve" of twelve had been erased, and the "twe" extended so as to read "twenty thousand dollars." The drawer of the check had been careless in writing the amount, and had left sufficient space for the extra words to be put in. Then, in some way which has puzzled the experts, so neatly was it done, the perforations were filled in until they were invisible. The naked eye could detect no disturbance of the paper. New perforations were made to correspond with the altered amount called for on the face of the check. The figures were erased and changed.
The American Bankers’ Association took up the case, and called in detectives to help unravel the matter. Three months ago two of the gang to whom the detectives ascribed the crime were caught in Denver, and taken to San Francisco. They were not tried, as the authorities wanted the two arrested today in this city before proceeding against any of the gang.
Patrolman Loftus, whose detail is the corner of Broad and Market Streets, this city, was on duty today a little after noon. He was accosted by a man who showed his credentials as a detective, and pointed out to Loftus two well-dressed business-like appearing men. He said they were noted criminals, and were fugitives from justice. Loftus at once arrested Cregan, while Detectives Fallon, Muenster, and Laddel took charge of Becker. Becker appeared surprised, but said nothing. Cregan protested against, and threatened trouble, but Loftus informed him he would use his club if there was anything but calm consent to accompanying him, and Cregan wilted.
Detective Fallon believes Becker is the man who was at the head of the gang. He believes he is the one who did the work on the check, and that the others were his assistants. There is a dispute as to whether he or one of the men under arrest in San Francisco was "Holmes."
The money once obtained from the bank, the swindlers had separated and gone away in pairs. There was not much difficulty in locating the two arrested in Denver, but Cregan and Becker were slippery. They were located time and again, but each time slipped away before they could be arrested. They crossed and recrossed their tracks on the flight eastward, and dodged back and forth through the country. They were frequently together, but seldom for any long period, and this was what bothered the detectives. Two weeks ago the detectives came upon the two in Philadelphia and arrested them.
They at once hired one of the best and sharpest lawyers in the city, and, although the detectives succeeded in having Cregan and Becker held for five days, the lawyer secured their release before the necessary information and papers could be brought from the Pacific coast. Twelve hundred dollars was taken from them when they were arrested in Philadelphia. As soon as they obtained their liberty they separated, and did not even wait to regain their money before shaking Philadelphia dust from their shoes.
The detectives a few days ago came across Becker in Brooklyn. They concluded it would not be long before he and Cregan would meet. They were not disappointed. Becker left Brooklyn this morning, wandered about New York for a time, and then took a train for this city. The detectives were with him. He appeared to believe he had shaken them. On reaching this city Becker went to a hotel, and Cregan soon joined him. They had a talk and then started down Broad Street toward Market. Two of the detectives were behind them, and their arrest followed.
Cregan had a one-thousand-dollar bill, twelve one-hundred-dollar bills, and some change. The one-thousand-dollar bill was neatly folded in a cardcase. The twelve hundred-dollar bills were fastened to his underclothing at the knee. He denied having any money, except the $1,000 and the change, and when the $1,200 was found coolly remarked: "There goes the boodle."
Becker had about $100 on his person. Cregan had a diamond ring in one of his pockets worth at least $400. Becker had a scarfpin, set with a sapphire and diamonds, which was valued at $225. Cregan had a gold watch and chain, and each had a gold cigar cutter.
An envelope which Cregan tried to drop contained a typewritten affidavit, which reads:
Charles Becker, one of the defendants above named, being duly sworn, deposes and says that these defendants have a just and legal defense to the plaintiff’s claim of the following nature and character:
"That the defendants did not have at any time in their possession a draft for the sum of $12, dated Sept. 17, 1895, drawn by the Bank of Woodland, Cal., upon the Crocker-Woolworth Bank to the order of J.H. Dean, nor did they ever have any knowledge that such a draft was in existence; that these defendants deny that they or either of them raised the said draft from $12 to $22,000 or any other sum.
"That they have no knowledge of any transaction between the Nevada Bank and the Crocker-Woolworth Bank in reference to said alleged draft of their account with the said J.H. Dean.
"That they deny having secured $20,000 in gold upon the said draft on Dec. 20, 1895, or at any other time, and that they have not, nor has either of them, knowledge of such or similar transaction."
A short time after the arrest of the men, Edward M. Douglas, President of the German National Bank of this city, visited Police Headquarters and had a long conference with Capt. Daly. A New York firm of bankers had sent him a telegram, reading: "Have the men held at all hazards."
President Thomas W. Crooks of the Essex County National also hurried to Headquarters and had a talk with the police.
Becker and Cregan refused to talk. They sent for Michael T. Barrett and intrusted him with their defense. They were arraigned before Justice Mott this afternoon and held as fugitive from justice. A fifteen-thousand-dollar bond was asked of each. They were committed until May 20 in default of bonds.
 The Gang’s Swindling Operations Not Confined to This Country.
George D. Bangs, General Superintendent of Pinkerton’s agency in this city, said yesterday that the principal credit for the arrest of the gang of check raisers and forgers belonged to Capt. I.W. Lees, Chief of Detectives in San Francisco. "The entire banking community of San Francisco has taken great interest in the pursuit of these criminals," Mr. Bangs said, "as these forgeries had not been confined alone to San Francisco. About two years ago they began at San Diego, in Southern California, where they committed forgery; then went to Los Angeles, then to Fresno, then to San Francisco. On this trip they secured $32,000, and on the last trip about $27,000.
"For several years prior Becker, Cregan, and associates had been swindling banks all over the United States with drafts purchased for amounts less than $100, and raising them to hundreds of dollars. It was Becker’s business to alter the drafts. He was the artist who removed the writing with acids, restored the most delicate tints to the safety paper, and wrote in the new amounts, doing most of his work with a camel’s hair brush. When the amount of the genuine draft or check was perforated or cut in the paper, he would fill in these perforations with paper pulp, then with hot irons press it out, and perforate or cut the new figures to agree with the amount. When an altered check or draft left his hands it was difficult to detect the alterations even with a microscope.
"James Cregan was the capitalist or backer, who put up the money for expenses and buying small checks or drafts to be altered. He also at times acted as "middle man" between Becker and the man who presented the forged paper to the banks. Charles Becker lives with his wife in East New York, and has lived there a great many years. At one time he entered the saloon business in East New York.
"Charles Becker, alias John Becker, alias Blosh, alias Bader, alias "The Dutchman," has been associated with the most noted professional forgers of the age in both hemispheres. Becker first came into notoriety as an expert forger on account of his knowledge of engraving and lithographing, which trade he learned when a young man. The first known of Becker in the forgery line in the East was about 1870, when he became connected with George Engel, alias "Dutch George," George Wade Wilkes, Ed Hall, alias "Pins," Walter Patterson, and old Ira Garsides.
"In 1872 Joseph B. Chapman, a burglar; little Joe Reilly, Adams Worth, (now in prison in Belgium,) "Sealskin Joe," Becker, and others committed the robbery of the Third National Bank, Baltimore, Md., after which crime Becker and his associates fled to Europe, where they squandered the proceeds of the burglary. There being no burglary work in sight, Becker formed this burglary gang into a forgery band, and after sufficient training and fixing up to suit their business, they, under the tutorship of Becker and Chapman, traveled all over Europe, committing forgeries in every city of importance, including London, Paris, Frankfort-on-the-Main, Hamburg, Berlin, Vienna, and Constantinople. They took in with them Carlos Sesicovich, a noted German forger. This band was intercepted at Smyrna, Turkey, where the members were put under arrest. Before they were arrested they had succeeded in swindling banks on the Continent out of thousands of dollars. In Constantinople they secured $20,000. This money, as fast as obtained, was sent to London to Mrs. Lydia Chapman, the wife of "Little Joe," Chapman, one of the leaders of the band, who was residing in London in fine style in a house in the East End. Chapman, as a young man, had been engaged as a bank clerk in Chicago, and therefore understood the banking business thoroughly. This enabled him to be of great assistance to Becker as his representative with the rest of the band, Becker doing all the forgery work and Chapman and the others obtaining the genuine drafts, checks, and letters of credit to be operated on, as also acting as the presenters of the forged paper. After their arrest in Smyrna they were tried before the English Consular Court, convicted in the Fall of 1873 and all sentenced to three years each in the English prison at Constantinople. Three months after their incarceration in the prison at Constantinople, Becker, Reilly, and Sesicovich made their escape.
"Chapman was left behind, his associates claimed, because he was sick and could not travel, but Chapman and his wife afterward claimed that he was purposely deserted. When "Little Joe" Chapman found that he had been deserted, he immediately sent word to his wife that his associates, who had escaped, if not recaptured, would look her up in London, and would claim their share of the money she was holding for the band. Chapman directed his wife under no circumstances to give them any part of this money until his release. Becker, Reilly, and Sesicovich evaded arrest in Turkey, made their way to London, where they found Mrs. Chapman. They took furnished rooms at her house and demanded their shares of the money in her possession. In order to induce her to produce the money, they told her that they wanted it to enable them to visit Australia, where they intended to commit extensive forgeries
Mrs. Chapman, however, acting under her husband’s instructions, persistently refused to give up any part of the money until she had her husband’s directions to do so. Believing the money was concealed in the house, they arranged a plan to rob her, but in order to have an opportunity to search her person and the house and get possession of the keys to parts of the house, they concluded that it was necessary to drug her. It was also known to them that Mrs. Chapman was the possessor of a very fine collection of diamonds and precious stones, and that she was a heavy drinker; so the plan was arranged to get her to drinking, and while drunk to drug her liquor. This plan was consummated on April 13, 1876, but in drugging her they gave her an overdose, and she, having some affection of the heart, the overdose killed her. Becker and his associates became alarmed and fled. It was then arranged that they should all make their way to America by different routes and meet in New York City, which they did.
On their return to America, Becker, Joe Reilly, alias Elliott, and George Wade Wilkes joined together and formed a plan to defraud the Union Trust Company of New York. A clerk in the employ of the New York Life Insurance Company, named Charles W. Pontez, was induced to loan Reilly one of the canceled checks drawn by the New York Life Insurance Company in payment of an account. This was counterfeited by Becker, and, on the information furnished by Pontez, as to the amount the New York Life could draw on their account with the Union Trust Company, Becker filled in the counterfeited check for $64,000. Reilly presented this check at the Union Trust Company and obtained the money. Becker turned State’s evidence against Reilly, who was convicted and sentenced, while Pontez died in jail awaiting trial.
When Inspector Byrnes was promoted from Captain to Inspector of Detectives, one of the first arrests he made was that of Charley Becker and his father-in-law, Clement Hearing, for forging script of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company. Becker and his father-in-law were at this time carrying on a lithographing establishment in a back room in a boarding house on Broome Street. The officers found the stone from which the counterfeit script had been printed. For this crime Becker was also convicted.
"On one of his forgery trips to England with Becker, "Joe" Reilly, alias Elliott, having plenty of money, met and married Kate Castleton, the well-known variety singer, and brought her to the United States. After Reilly’s conviction for the forgery on the Union Trust Company, Kate Castleton obtained a divorce from him.
"In the early part of 1881 Becker was arrested with George Engle charged with having been concerned in an attempt to flood Europe with large quantities of bogus Bank of England notes, and were for a time, confined in Ludlow Street Jail. He was arrested again on Sept. 16, 1881, with his father-in-law, Clement Hearing, charged with counterfeiting a thousand-franc note of the Bank of France. For this he was tried, convicted, and sentenced to ten years in the King’s County penitentiary, where he acted as one of the bookkeepers for a contractor in the prison. While serving his time he made an attempt to escape, but this was frustrated.
"Gregan, alias Howard, alias Russe, is said to be wealthy and the owner of considerable real estate in New York and Philadelphia, the proceeds of the forgeries he has been connected with. Cregan’s record, as given by the Pinkertons, shows that he was arrested in January, 1887, at Baltimore, Md., for forgery committed there on the Howard Bank, was tried, convicted, and sentenced to six years and six months’ imprisonment in the Baltimore Penitentiary. While there he became acquainted with Frank L. Seaver, alias Anastatian Dean Howell, who was confined there for forgery under the name of Frank Scott, alias A.H. Dean, and Joe McCluskey, alias Little Joe, and Henry Cleary. When Cregan finished his term in Baltimore he came to New York, and became associated with Charley Becker in the forgery line. While Cregan was looking for a man to present their forged paper, he ran across his old partners in the Baltimore Penitentiary, Frank L. Seaver, and Joe McCluskey, and took them into the forgery band that he was forming. Becker, Cregan, Seaver, and McCluskey went to California in the latter part of November, 1895. Seaver took up his residence in San Francisco, while Becker and Cregan lived in Sacramento, Oakland, and other places adjoining San Francisco."
Source: The New York Times, May 14, 1896
Note: It is going to be very difficult indeed for anyone to convince the general public that "Charles Grandy" was Jack the Ripper, when he had two fingers and part of the thumb missing from his left hand. It takes two strong hands to both strangle a woman and slit her throat. Jack would have had to pull back the woman’s head by the chin with one hand, and draw his knife, then slit her throat with the other hand. Without his two fingers and a portion of the thumb on his left hand, Grandy would not have the strength to pull a woman’s head back with only two fingers, and likewise; he would not have the strength to hold a knife with two fingers in order to slit a woman’s throat. This suspect is a non-starter and any book which postulates his candidacy will not succeed to any degree.
I have finally discovered Charles Grande’s real name – it was Carlo Sesicovich/Sesicovitch!! It also appears rather unlikely that he was Jack the Ripper; since he was missing most of the fingers of his left hand, and The Ripper was stated to have been left handed by medical experts at the time. Also, Mrs. Joseph Chapman was accidentally drugged to death. The gang of forgers meant to drug her with the intent of robbing her, but Mrs. Chapman had a heart problem, and subsequently died from the overdose.
CINCINNATI, April 28. – Last Tuesday, Detective Larry Hazen received a letter from William Pinkerton, at Dallas, Tex., requesting him to visit the man John Doe, alias "Dugan," at the County Jail, and make a minute inspection of his person, especially as to the first two fingers and thumb of his left hand. This is the accomplished forger who was operating in this city, and who, with his accomplice Marker, whom he sent to the front, was arrested in the act of trying to defraud the Commercial Bank. Hazen did as directed, being accompanied by Detectives Mead and Murray. When the three detectives entered Doe’s cell he was reading a newspaper, which, by a movement that seemed mechanical, he threw over his left hand. Larry would not have that, however, and reaching out for the hand, caught it, and found that it lacked the first two fingers, from the second joint, and a small portion of the thumb. He immediately wrote to Robert Pinkerton, at New York, giving him a full description of the prisoner. On his return from a professional trip up the road, last evening, he found the following letter awaiting him:
                                                                                                                                            NEW YORK, April 24.
Larry M. Hazen, esq.:
DEAR SIR: I am in receipt of your favor of the 22nd in regard to the man John Doe, alias "Dugan," under arrest in Cincinnati, and note that the first and second fingers of the left hand are off at the second joint, and that a little piece of the thumb of the same hand is missing. I have no doubt that Doe and Carlo Sesicovich, alias "Charles Grandy," alias "William Wallace," alias "Howard Adams," alias "John Howe," alias "The Dutchman," a noted forger, are identical. I inclose you a picture of Sesicovitch, taken in Smyrna, Turkey, when he was arrested there about four years ago with Joseph B. Chapman, alias "Little Joe," alias "Joseph Reily," alias "Joseph Randall," alias "Little Joe Randall," alias "Frederick Elliott," now under arrest in this city for obtaining $64,000 on a forged check on the Union Trust Company of this city, and John Becker for passing forged letters of credit. I inclose you a partial history of Sesicovich as taken from our records in this city, and a copy of a circular issued by Superintendent Williamson, of the Scotland-Yard detective force in London, relating to the murder of Mrs. Lydia Chapman, wife of Joseph B. Chapman. The William and Louise Wallace spoken of in this circular are Carlo Sesicovitch and his mistress. I have no doubt I will be able to find out in a few days who Frederick Marker is, and will then advise you.
                                                                                                                  Yours truly, ROBT. A PINKERTON, Superintendent.
The following is the record referred to, from the record at Pinkerton’s National Detective Agency in New York:
Carlo Sesicovich, alias "Charles Grandy," alias "Wm. Wallace," alias "Howard Adams," alias "John Howe," alias "The Dutchman." It is said this man is a Russian, and that his real name is Carlo Sesicovich. He formerly kept a saloon under Booth’s Theatre, in New York city, and is supposed to have been one of the men engaged in the burglary of the Third National Bank of Baltimore, Md., August 18, 1872, with Jos. B. Chapman, Shell Hamilton, Frank McCoy, alias "Big Frank," an English burglar named Junco, and Joseph Reily, alias "Little Joe," alias "Frederick Elliott," alias "Joseph Randall." After committing this burglary Chapman, Reily, Junco, and Sesicovich went abroad, making their headquarters in London. During 1873, Chapman, Sesicovich, Reily, and an engraver named John Becker, travelled through Europe obtaining money on forged letters of credit, in which they were very successful until they reached Smyrna, Turkey, where, in endeavoring to obtain money on forged letters of credit, they were all arrested, convicted and sentenced to three years’ imprisonment in the British Consular prison at Constantinople. Sesicovich, Becker and Reily escaped, after serving about a year. They then returned to England, and Sesicovich went with his mistress to board at the residence of Mrs. John B. Chapman, the wife of their confederate, whom they had left in prison in Constantinople. Mrs. Chapman was then living at No. 46 Maude Grove, Chelsea, under the name of Mrs. Lydia Porter. One morning Mrs. Porter was found dead in her bed, and her boarders, William and Louise Wallace, had disappeared. It was supposed that they had murdered her, and on April 27, 1876, a circular was issued giving the circumstances of the case, and requesting that information be sent to Superintendent Williamson, of the Great Scotland-Yard detective force. Since Mrs. Chapman’s death it has been reported that Becker, Reily and Sesicovich had been endeavoring to obtain money from her with which to defray their expenses on a trip to Australia for the purpose of committing forgeries there; that Mrs. Chapman, who was supposed to have been possessed of considerable money and jewelry, had persistently refused to advance the money for this expedition, in consequence of which refusal on her part a scheme had been concocted between the men above named for the purpose of robbing her; that in order to rob her they had dosed her with some narcotic, her death resulting therefrom.
 Source: New York Daily Tribune, Monday, April 29, 1878
 Charles "Scratch" Becker
(Pinkerton’s, Inc.)
Joseph Chapman
(Ben McIntyre)
Lydia Chapman
(Ben McIntyre)
No matter what one may think of the Ripper theory contained in this narrative, it is still an interesting piece of Ripper literature, written in 1888 by Richard K. Fox. The premise of Fox’s narrative is that the Whitechapel assassin was a Russian named Nicolas Vassili, also known as the "Saviour Of Lost Souls."
Click the red right arrow to turn the pages of the book.

James Kelly In Vancouver In 1899

Posted: December 19, 2009 in The Non-Rippers
Having recently read the timeline of James Kelly’s life, I noticed that in the year 1899, he was reported to have gone to Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada for a year or two before returning to England. I have pored over a few Vancouver newspapers and found the following:
Lizzie Goles, a comely young woman, died in the city hospital on Saturday of cancer. Less than two months ago, Miss Goles left the home of her widowed mother in Montreal to come to Vancouver. Here she was to meet James Kelly, fireman in the Hastings mill. The young couple were to have been married shortly after her arrival. The friends she made during her short life in Vancouver were greatly shocked to hear of her untimely demise.
Source: Portage La Prairie News And Portage La Prairie Review, August 23, 1899, Page 2
Police Court. – In the Police Court yesterday, James Kelly, charged with drunkenness was fined $5, or ten days’ imprisonment. The eight vags who were arrested, as reported in the Colonist a few days ago, were charged with being in possession of stolen property and remanded until tomorrow. The goods found in their possession consist of goods stolen from S. Reid and the Patterson Shoe Company.
Source: Victoria Daily Colonist, Sunday December 2, 1900, Page 5

James Kelly

Posted: December 19, 2009 in The Non-Rippers
Having searched the historical newspapers for any mention of James Kelly, the man who murdered his wife, Sarah Ann Brider-Kelly, in 1883, I was only successful in locating a couple brief snippets of his case in the Penny Illustrated Paper:
Law and Crime.
The Magistrate at the Clerkenwell Police Court attended at St. Bartholomew’s Hospital on Saturday, to take the depositions of Sarah Ann Kelly, who was dying. She had been married a fortnight, when a quarrel took place between her husband and herself, and he is now in custody on a charge of stabbing her in the neck and causing the injuries which proved fatal. The quarrel took place on June 21, in Cottage-lane, St. Luke’s, and the poor girl expired on Sunday.
Source: The Penny Illustrated Paper and Illustrated Times, Saturday, June 30, 1883; Page 403; Issue 1148
James Kelly, twenty-three, was indicted for the wilful murder of his wife, Sarah Anne Kelly, on Wednesday at the Old Bailey, and sentenced to death; but strongly recommended to mercy.
Source: The Penny Illustrated Paper and Illustrated Times, Saturday, August 4, 1883; Page 74; Issue 1153
Law and Crime.
James Kelly, convicted of the murder of his wife in the neighbourhood of the City-road, and whose execution was to have taken place within the walls of Newgate on Monday morning, has been respited during her Majesty’s pleasure. The prisoner was strongly recommended to mercy.
Source: The Penny Illustrated Paper and Illustrated Times, Saturday, August 25, 1883; Page 122